MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS

INTRODUCTION:
  • MDG was adopted by UN 2000 
  • Governments have set a date of 2015 by which they would meet the MDGs. 
  • Signed on to by all the world's countries and the world's leading development institutions, they represent a blueprint for ending global poverty and have galvanised unprecedented support from governments, institutions and civil society organizations. 
GOALS:
  • The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are 8 goals namely: 
  • Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 
  • Achieve universal primary education 
  • Promote gender equality and empower women 
  • Reduce child mortality 
  • Improve maternal health 
  • Combat HIV/ AIDS, malaria, and other diseases 
  • Ensure environmental sustainability: 
  • In Target 10 of Goal 7 of Millennium Development Goal, “access” to an improved water source mean Availability of at least 20L water / person/ day from a source within 1 km of dwelling Develop a global partnership for development. 
INDICATORS:
  • Prevalence of underweight children (under five years of age). 
  • Proportion (%) of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption. 
  • Under-five mortality rate. 
  • Infant mortality rate. 
  • Proportion (%) of 1 year old children immunized for measles. 
  • Maternal mortality ratio:reduce by three-quarters of maternal mortality ratio (MMR). 
  • Proportion (%) of births attended by skilled health persons. 
  • HIV preualence among young people. 
  • Condom use in high-risk population. 
  • Ratio of children orphaned/non-orphaed in schools. 
  • Malaria death rate per 100,000 in children (0-4 years of age). 
  • Malaria death rate per 100,000 in all age groups. 
  • Malaria prevalence rate 100,000 population. 
  • Proportion (%) of population under-age 5 in malaria risk areas using insecticide treated bed nets. 
  • Proportion (%) of population under-age 5 with fever being treated with anti-malarial drug. 
  • Tuberculosis death rate per 100,000. 
  • Tuberculosis prevalence rate per 100,000. 
  • Proportion (%) of smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis cases detected and put under directly observed treatment short-course (DOTS). Proportion (%) of smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis case detected cured under directly observed treat­ment short-course (DOTS). 
  • Proportion (%) of population using biomass fuel 
  • Proportion (%) of population with sustainable accese to an improved water source, rural. 
  • Proportion (%) of population with sustainable access to an improved water source, urban. 
  • Proportion (%) of urban population with access to improved sanitation. 
  • Proportion (%) of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis 
Exam Question
  • Proportion of children underweight, Proportion of population using biomass fuel & Tuberculosis morbity and mortality are part of MDG 
  • According to Millennium development goals Targets to be achieved by 2015 
  • In Millennium Development Goals (MDGs),3 out of 8 goals are health related 
  • Millennium development goals aim to reduce MMR by 3/4 
  • Eradication of extreme poverty, Global partnership for development, Sustainability of the environment, Reducing child mortality comes under Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Total number of goals in the Millennium Development Goals are 8 
  • MDG was adopted by UN 2000 
  • Reduce by 2/3" the tinder five mortality by year 1990-2015 MDG 
  • Number of children orphaned by HIV/AIDS, Prevalence and death rates of tuberculosis & Prevalence and death rates of malaria comes under indicators of goal 6 of Millennium Development Goal 
  • In Target 10 of Goal 7 of Millennium Development Goal, “access” to an improved water source mean Availability of at least 20L water / person/ day from a source within 1 km of dwelling Millennium developmental goal for HIV/ AIDS is 6 
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