MYOPIA

  • Most common type of staphyloma in myopia is Posterior
  • Ring scotoma is seen in Severe myopia
  • Lattice retinal degeneration seen in Myopia
  • Peripheral retinal degeneration is most common in case of Myopia
  • Treatment modalities for myopia are Radial keratotomy & LASER Keratomileusis
  • Radial keratotomy is used as treatment modality for Small degree in myopia
  • Excimer laser is used for treatment of myopia
  • Radial keratotomy corrects myopia by causing Flattening of cornea
  • During retinoscopy with a plane mirror from a distance of 1 M, no movement of pupillary red reflex with the movement of the mirror indicates Myopia of 1 D
  • Haemorrhage at macular spot in high myopia is called Foster-Fuchs fleck
  • Retinal detachment is the most common complication of high myopia
  • Presently surgical treatment of choice in a 22 year male with - 10D myopia is Phakic refractive lens
  • Pilocarpine is not used in young adults as it causes myopia 
  • Sudden increase in blood sugar in a diabetic causes Myopia
  • If the length of eyeball increases by 1 mm. The net effect will be Myopia of 3D
  • Posterior staphyloma is most commonly seen in Degenerative myopia
  • Refractive error concerned most commonly with di­vergent strasbismus is Myopia
  • Parallel rays comes to focus anterior to the retina in myopia
  • Tubular vision is seen in Myopia 
  • Maximum correction of myopia can be done by LASIK
  • In senile nuclear cataract what type of myopia is seen Index myopia
  • Refractive surgeries for Myopia are Radial keratotomy, Photorefractive keratotomy & LASIK
  • Choroidal vascularization is seen in Myopia
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