POLIOMYELITIS

  • Type 1 poliomyelitis is responsible for most epidemics
  • Type 2 poliomyelitis is eradicated worldwide
  • Type 3 poliomyelitis is most common in India
  • Vaccine associated paralytic poliomyelitis is suspected if AFP develops within 45 days of receipt of OPV
  • A case of acute flaccid paralysis must be observed for 60 days days for residual weakness in poliomyelitis
  • Tonsillectomy is contraindicated in Poliomyelitis epidemic
  • The most definitive method for laboratory diagnosis of poliomyelitis are Virus isolation from blood,CSF & faeces or throat
  • Death in Poliomyelitis is due to Respiratory paralysis
  • Kenny Packs were used in the treatment of Poliomyelitis
  • Acute onset, Intact sensation & Febrile onset are features of poliomyelitis 
  • A patient prescribed crutches for residual paralysis in poliomyelitis is a type of Rehabilitation
  • For every clinical case of poliomyelitis subclinical cases are 1000 in children and 75 in adults
  • Death in poliomyelitis is usually due to Repiratory Paralysis
  • Oral polio vaccine is for Poliomyelitis in recipients
  • In a epidemic of poliomyelitis, the best way to stop spread is by OPV drops to all children
  • Last polio case in India was reported in 13 January 2011
  • Contraindication of adenotonsillectomy is Poliomyelitis 
  • Acute Flaccid Paralysis include Poliomyelitis
  • Ideally immunization against poliomyelitis should be started at Birth
  • Poliomyelitis is mainly transmitted by Faecal-oral route
  • Unilateral hypertranslucent hemithorax on chest X-ray is seen in Poliomyelitis
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