PRETERM BABY

  • A preterm baby developed bullous lesion on the skin soon after birth. The X- ray shows periostitis should be next investigated for VDRL for mother & baby
  • Incidence of undescended testis in preterm infants is 30%
  • Color, Heart rate & Muscle tone is used in a preterm infant to assess need for resuscitation
  • A very low birth weight preterm baby is on ventilator for respiratory distress. Baby presents with clinical features of necrotizing enterocolitis with perforation is managed with Peritoneal drainage
  • A preterm baby is born with synchronised upper chest movement, minimal nasal flare, expiratory grunting heard by the stethoscope, but has no chest or xiphoid retractions. The Silverman score is 2
  • A preterm infant showed apnoea at birth associated with bradycardia. Apnoea is defined as cessation of respiration for at least 20 sec
  • A preterm baby was diagnosed having PDA shows finding of Bounding pulses,Continuous murmur,Congestive heart failure, Necrotizing enterocolitis & Pulmonary haemorrhages
  • Apnoea in a Preterm baby are Associated with bradycardia.
  • Apnoea in a Preterm baby are Leads to hypoxia
  • Apnoea in a Preterm baby are May cause cyanosis
  • Preterm baby is the commonest cause of perinatal mortality in twins
  • Breast feeding is best for both preterm & term
  • Impedence technique is the best way to monitor the baby's breathing and detect apnaea
  • Decreased subcutaneous fat and brown fat, Large surface area in relation to body weight & Less oxygen consumption are the factors that contribute to hypothermia in preterm babies
  • Blood volume in preterm neonate is 90 ml/kg
  • Late metabolic acidosis is seen in Preterm baby getting cow milk
  • Preterm infant is defined as Born < 37 weeks
  • Physiological jaundice in preterm infant lasts upto 14 days
  • A preterm infant with poor respiration at birth starts throwing seizures at 10 hours after birth. Anti- epileptic of choice shall be Phenobarbitone
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