Pyelonephritis

  • An emerging organism responsible for causing Pyelonephritis in Renal Allografts is Polyoma virus
  • On one side kidney is normal, while other side kidney is contracted with scar, is diagnosed to have Chronic pyelonephritis
  • Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis associated stones are due to infection with Proteus
  • A boy is suffering from acute pyelonephritis. Most specific urinary finding will be W.B.C. casts
  • The MOST common organism isolated in emphysematous pyelonephritis is E. coli
  • The most common cause of renal scarring in a 3 year old child is Vesicoureteral reflux induced pyelonephritis
  • Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis in children Often affects those younger than 8 years of age
  • Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis in children affects the kidney focally more frequently than diffusely
  • Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis in Clinical presentation in children is same as in adults
  • Acute pyelonephritis and uncomplicated UTI may be differentiated by WBC cast, Concentrating defect & Antibody to Tomm Horsfall protein
  • Mycoplasma hominis etiological agent corresponds with pyelonephritis
  • Route of infection in Tubercular Pyelonephritis Haemotogenous
  • The most common cuase of renal scarring in a 3 year old child is Vesicoureteral reflux induced pyelonephritis
  • Chronic pyelonephritis in children is Associated with Ureteric reflux, Intrarenal reflux & renal scarring
  • In acute pyelonephritis Increased vascularity is seen in USG finding
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